Jesus’s “Both/And” about Scripture (Mark 12:36)

Jesus regards Scripture as both the words of humans and the word of God. We see this clearly in Mark 12:36, when Jesus quotes Psalm 110: “The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.” Listen to the both/and that Jesus uses to introduce that quotation from his Bible: “David himself, speaking by the Holy Spirit, declared this…” This is David’s declaration, but even in the Psalms, among the most personal of the writings of Scripture, Jesus says that the human author was speaking by the Holy Spirit, the final author. Both/And: God’s word, human words.

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